names the people we call Sioux have
for themselves are the Lakota, Nakota or Dakota, meaning "friends . . .
allies . . . to be friendly." At an earlier time, the Sioux evolved
three main groups speaking different dialects of the same language. The
Dakota were the largest group and are considered to be the mother
The Nakota were next in size, followed by the Lakota. Winter count
indicate that there was strife within the Sioux tribal family which may
have been associated with a rise in power of the Lakota.
Dakota, who were also called the
Santee Sioux, occupied a region east of the Mississippi in what is
Minnesota. They were divided into four bands: the Mdewakantonwon, who
now in Minnesota, Flandreau, SD, and the Santee Reservation in
the Wahpeton, who are now at the Devil's Lake Reservation, ND,
SD, and Sisseton, SD; the Wahpekute, who are now at the Santee
in Nebraska and Fort Peck, MT; and the Sisseton who are at Devil's Lake
in ND and Sisseton, SD.
Nakota, also known as the Yanktonai
or Yankton Sioux, split from the Dakota and moved to the prairies in
region that is now southeast South Dakota. They were divided into three
bands: Yankton who are now on the Yankton Reservation in SD; the Upper
Yanktonai who are split between the Standing Rock Reservation in SD and
the Devil's Lake Reservation in ND; Lower Yanktonai who are split
the Crow Creek Reservation in SD and the Fort Peck Reservation in MT.
Lakota, sometimes known as the Teton
Sioux, moved to a region west of the Missouri River. The Lakota became
the largest of these groups, developing what is known as the Plains
Culture after receiving the horse in the seventeenth century. They are
divided into these bands: the Oglala now on the Pine Ridge Reservation
in SD, Sicangu or Brulé who are now on the Rosebud and the Lower
Brulé Reservation in SD, Hunkpapa who are now at the Standing Rock
Reservation SD & ND, Miniconjous now at the Cheyenne River
SD, Itazipacola or Sans Arc now at Cheyenne River, and Oohenupa or Two
Kettle also at Cheyenne River (later declared to be tribes by the U.S.
course there are tribal members who
live off the reservation as well. For more information, see History
of the Sioux.
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